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Kane Ancient City is a ruin located in the Dikili district of Izmir and belongs to the ancient Aiolian civilization. The city is located in the Babakale area, on the northern shore of Çandarlı Bay. The history of Kane dates back to the 10th century BC and has been home to many civilizations such as the Aeolians, Persians, Romans and Byzantines.

History:

Kane was first founded by the Aeolians in the 10th century BC. The city was an important trade center at that time and traded with other Aeolian cities in the Aegean Sea. Conquered by the Persians in the 6th century BC, Kane became part of the Persian Empire. Conquered by Alexander the Great in 333 BC, the city became part of the Macedonian Empire. After Alexander’s death, the city passed to the Kingdom of Pergamon and then to the Roman Empire.

During the Roman period, the city was called “Cius” and became an important port city. Many temples, theatres, agoras and baths were built in the city. The city, which maintained its importance during the Byzantine period, was captured by the Turks in the 13th century.

Archaeological Excavations:

The first archaeological excavations in the Ancient City of Kane were carried out by German archaeologists in the 19th century. During the excavations, many important structures such as the city’s walls, temples, agora, theatre, baths and necropolis were unearthed.

Places to See in Kane:

There are many important buildings to see in Kane Ancient City. The most important of these are:

  • Walls: The city’s walls, built in the 6th century BC, are still largely preserved today.
  • Temples: There are temples dedicated to many gods in the city, such as Athena, Apollo and Dionysus.
  • Agora: The agora, which was the trade center of the city, still continues to be excavated today.
  • Theatre: The city’s theater was built in Roman times and is still used today for concerts and plays.
  • Baths: There are many baths in the city dating back to the Roman period.
  • Necropolis: In the city’s necropolis, there are many tombs dating back to the 10th century BC.

Kane Ancient City is one of the most important ancient cities of Turkey. The city has great historical and archaeological importance. By visiting Kane, you can see traces of the ancient Aiolian civilization and the Roman Empire.

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